Galena Rhoades

  • Biographical Description

    • Galena Rhoades, Ph.D., is a Research Associate Professor in the Psychology Department at the University of Denver. Her research is on romantic relationship development and functioning, and the related implications for children and adults. Her research projects and collaborations include 1) basic science studies on commitment, cohabitation, aggression, infidelity, family background, relationship processes and psychopathology, military families, and adolescent and child adjustment as well as 2) studies on the effectiveness of preventive relationship interventions for couples and individuals (including gene-environment interactions). She is currently working as a PI, Co-I, or consultant on several foundation or federally-funded projects. As examples, one is focused on measuring and modeling early relationship development (funded by NICHD) and two other studies are on the effectiveness of relationship education for couples and their children (funded by NICHD). In addition to conducting research, she collaborates with PREP, Inc. in the development of relationship education curricula (e.g., Within My Reach and Within Our Reach). A particular interest in this applied work is the prevention of intimate partner violence through community-based relationship education. She also teaches graduate courses and supervises doctoral students on their therapy cases in the Psychology Department, and is a practicing psychologist. Dr. Rhoades received her doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Denver in 2007.

  • Peer Reviewed Publications

    • Owen, J., Rhoades, G. K., Shuck, B., Fincham, F., Stanley, S., Knopp, K. & Markman, H. (in press). Commitment uncertainty: A theoretical overview. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.
       
      Knopp, K., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S., Owen, J., & Markman, H. (in press). Fluctuations in commitment over time and relationship outcomes. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.

      Owen, J., Keller, B., Luebcke, B., Shuck, B., & Rhoades, G. K. (in press). Initial examination of commitment uncertainty in couple therapy. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.

      Luebcke, B., Owen, J., Keller, B., Shuck, B., Knopp, K., & Rhoades, G. K. (in press). Therapist interventions for couples: A commitment uncertainty comparison. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.

      Scott, S. B., & Rhoades, G. K. (in press). Relationship education for lesbian couples: Perceived barriers and content considerations. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy.
       
      Knopp, K., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (in press). Stuck on you: How dedication moderates the way constraints feel. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
       
      Loew, B., Carter, S., Allen, E., Stanley, S., Markman, H., & Rhoades, G. K. (in press). Military beliefs and PTSD in active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Traumatology.
       
      Furman, W., Stephenson, C., & Rhoades, G. K. (in press). Adolescents’ positive interactions and their avoidant and anxious representations of different types of relationships Journal for Research on Adolescence. 

      Owen, J., Rhoades, G. K., Fincham, F. & Stanley, S. M., (in press). The Schwartz Outcome Scale: Factor invariance across ethnicities. Journal of Brief Therapy.
    • Rhoades, G. K., & Wood, L. F. (2014). Family conflict and college-student social adjustment: The mediating role of emotional distress about the family. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 3, 156-164.

      Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., Loew, B. A., Allen, E. S., Carter, S., Osborne, L. J., . . . Markman, H. J. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of relationship education in the U.S. Army: 2-year outcomes. Family Relations, 63, 482-495.

      Kamp Dush, C. M., Rhoades, G. K., Sandberg-Thoma, S. E., & Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J. (2014). Commitment across the transition to parenthood among married and cohabiting couples. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 3(2), 126-136.

      Whitton, S. W., Rhoades, G. K., & Whisman, M. A. (2014). Fluctuation in relationship quality over time and individual well-being: Main, mediated, and moderated effects. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 858-871.

      Peterson-Post, K. M., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2014). Perceived criticism and marital adjustment predict depressive symptoms in a community sample. Behavior Therapy, 45, 564-575.

    • Scott, S. B., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Allen, E. S., & Markman, H. J. (2013), Reasons for divorce and recollections of premarital intervention: Implications for improving relationship education. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2, 131-145.
       
      Markman, H. J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Peterson, K. M. (2013). A randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of premarital intervention: Moderators of divorce outcomes. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 165-172.
       
      Owen, J., Rhoades, G. K., & Stanley, S. M. (2013). Sliding versus deciding in relationships: Associations with relationship quality, commitment, and infidelity. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 12, 135-149.

      Hawkins, A. J., Stanley, S. M., Cowan, P. A., Fincham, F. D., Beach, S. R. H., Cowan, C., Rhoades, G. K., Markman, H. J., & Daire, A. P. (2013). A more optimistic perspective on government-supported marriage and relationship education programs for lower income couples: Response to Johnson (2012). American Psychologist, 68, 110-111.

      Shaw, A. M. M., Rhoades, G. K., Allen, E. S., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2013). Predictors of extradyadic sexual involvement in unmarried opposite-sex relationships. Journal of Sex Research, 50, 598-610.

      Kelmer, G., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2013). Relationship quality, commitment, and stability in long-distance relationships. Family Process, 52, 257-270.
    • Loew, B., Rhoades, G. K., Markman, H. J., Stanley, S. M., White, L., Pacifici, C., & Delaney, R. (2012). Internet delivery of PREP-based relationship education for at-risk couples. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 11, 291-309.

      Owen, J., & Rhoades, G. K. (2012). Reducing interparental conflict among parents in contentious child custody disputes: An initial investigation of the Working Together Program. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 38, 542-555. 

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2012). The impact of the transition to cohabitation on relationship functioning: Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 348-358.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Markman, H. J., & Ragan, E. P. (2012). Parents’ marital status, conflict, and role modeling: Links with adult romantic relationship quality. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 53, 348-367.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2012). A longitudinal investigation of commitment dynamics in cohabiting relationships. Journal of Family Issues, 3367-388.

      Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Loew, B., & Markman, H. J. (2012). The effects of marriage education for Army couples with a history of infidelity.Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 26-35.

      Balderrama-Durbin, C. M., Allen, E. S., & Rhoades, G. K. (2012). Demand and withdraw behaviors in couples with a history of infidelity. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 11-17.

      Carter, S., Loew, B., Allen, E., Stanley, S., Rhoades, G., & Markman, H. (2011). Relationships between soldiers' PTSD symptoms and spousal communication during deployment. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 352-355.

      Markman, H. J., & Rhoades, G. K. (2012). Relationship education research: Current status and future directions. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 38, 169-200.

      Stanley, S. M., Ragan, E. P., Rhoades, G. K., & Markman, H. J. (2012). Examining changes in relationship adjustment and life satisfaction in marriage. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 165-170.

    • Allen, E. S., Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., Markman, H. J., & Loew, B. A. (2011). Marriage education in the Army: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 10(4), 309-326.

      Renshaw, K. D., Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Blais, R. K., Markman, H. J., & Stanley, S. M. (2011). Distress in spouses of service members with symptoms of combat-related PTSD: Secondary traumatic stress or general psychological distress? Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 461-469.

      Rhoades, G. K., Kamp Dush, C. M., Atkins, D. C., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2011). Breaking up is hard to do: The impact of unmarried relationship dissolution on mental health and life satisfaction. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(3), 366-374.

      Rhoades, G. K., & Stanley, S. M. (2011). Using individual-oriented relationship education to prevent family violence. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 10, 185-200.

      Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2011). On the home front: Stress for recently deployed Army couples. Family Process, 50, 235-247.

      Maddox, A., Rhoades, G. K., & Markman, H. M. (2011). Viewing sexually-explicit materials alone or together: Associations with relationship quality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 441-448. 

      Owen, J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2011). The Revised Commitment Inventory: Psychometrics and use with unmarried couples. Journal of Family Issues, 32, 820-841. 

      Owen, J. J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2011). The role of leaders' working alliance in premarital education. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 49-57.

    • Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Kelmer, G., & Markman, H. J. (2010). Physical aggression in unmarried relationships: The roles of commitment and constraints. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 678-687.

      Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2010). Hitting home: Relationships between recent deployment, post traumatic stress symptoms, and marital functioning for Army couples. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 280-288.

      Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., & Whitton, S. W. (2010). Commitment: Functions, formation, and the securing of romantic attachment. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 2(4), 243-257.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2010). Should I stay or should I go? Predicting dating relationship stability from four aspects of commitment. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 543-550.

      Markman, H. J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Ragan, E. P., & Whitton, S. W. (2010). The premarital communication roots of marital distress and divorce: The first five years of marriage. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 289-298.

      Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., Amato, P. R., Markman, H. J., & Johnson, C. A. (2010). The timing of cohabitation and engagement: Impact on first and second marriages. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 906-918.

      Owen, J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Fincham, F. (2010). ?Hooking up? among college students: Demographic and psychosocial correlates. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 653-663.

      Stanley, S. M., Allen, E. S., Markman, H. J., Rhoades, G. K., & Prentice, D. L. (2010). Decreasing divorce in U.S. Army couples: Results from a randomized controlled trial using PREP for Strong Bonds. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 9(2), 149-160.

    • Doss, B. D., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Markman, H. J. & Johnson, C. (2009). Differential use of premarital education in first and second marriages. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, 268-273.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). The pre-engagement cohabitation effect: A replication and extension of previous findings. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, 107-111.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). Working with cohabitation in relationship education and therapy. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 8, 95-112.

    • Doss, B. D., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). The effect of the transition to parenthood on relationship quality: An 8-year prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 601-619.

      Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). Couples' reasons for cohabitation: Associations with individual well-being and relationship quality. Journal of Family Issues, 30, 233-258.

      Doss, B. D., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). Marital therapy, retreats, and books:  The who, what, when and why of relationship help-seeking behaviors. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 35(1), 18-29.

      Whitton, S. W., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2008). Effects of parental divorce on marital commitment and confidence. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 789-793.

      Allen, E. S., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Markman, H. J., Williams, T.,  Melton, J., & Clements, M. L. (2008). Premarital precursors of marital infidelity. Family Process, 47, 243-259.

      Allen, E. S., & Rhoades, G. K. (2008). Not all affairs are created equal: Emotional involvement with an extradyadic partner. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 34, 48-62.

    • Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., Olmos-Gallo, P. A., & Markman, H. J. (2007).  Mechanisms of change in a cognitive behavioral couples prevention program:  Does being naughty or nice matter? Prevention Science, 8, 227-239.

      Stocker, C. M., Richmond, M. K., Rhoades, G. K., & Kiang, L. (2007). Family emotional processes and adolescents' adjustment. Social Development, 16(2), 310-325.

      Whitton, S. W., Olmos-Gallo, P. A., Stanley, S. M., Prado, L. M., Kline, G. H., St. Peters, M., & Markman, H. J. (2007). Depressive symptoms in early marriage: Predictions from relationship confidence and negative marital interaction. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 297-306.

      Rhoades, G. K., McIntosh, D. N., Wadsworth, M. E., Ahlkvist, J. A., Burwell, R. A., Gudmundsen, G. R., Raviv, T., & Rea, J. G. (2007). Forgiving the perpetrators of September 11th: Associations with responses to stress, psychological distress, and religiosity. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 20(2), 109-128.

    • Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2006). Pre-engagement cohabitation and gender asymmetry in marital commitment. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 553-560.

      Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., & Markman, H. J. (2006). Sliding vs. deciding: Inertia and the premarital cohabitation effect. Family Relations, 55, 499-509.

      Rhoades, G. K., Petrella, J. N., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2006). Premarital cohabitation, husbands' commitment, and wives' satisfaction with the division of household contributions. Marriage and Family Review, 40(4), 5–22.

      Rhoades G. K., & Stocker, C. M. (2006). Can spouses provide knowledge of each other’s communication patterns? A study of self-reports, spouses’ reports, and observational coding. Family Process, 45, 499-511.

      Kline, G. H., Stanley, S. M., Markman, H. J., Olmos-Gallo, P. A., St. Peters, M., Whitton, S. W., & Prado, L. M. (2004). Timing is everything: Pre-engagement cohabitation and increased risk for poor marital outcomes. Journal of Family Psychology, 18, 311-318.

    • Markman, H. J., Whitton, S. W., Kline, G. H., Thompson, H., St. Peters, M., Stanley, S. M., Leber, B. D., Olmos-Gallo, P. A., Prado, L. M., Williams, T., Gilbert, K., Tonelli, L., Bobulinski, M., & Cordova, A. (2004). Use of an empirically-based marriage education program by religious organizations: Results of a dissemination trial. Family Relations, 53, 504-512.

      Wadsworth, M. E., Gudmundsen, G. R., Raviv, T., Ahlkvist, J. A., McIntosh, D. N., Kline, G. H. Rea, J., & Burwell, R. A. (2004). Coping with terrorism: Age and gender differences in effortful and involuntary responses to September 11th. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 143-157.

      Kline, G. H., Wood, L. F., & Moore, S. (2003). Validation of revised measures of family and interparental conflict for use with young adults. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 39(3/4), 125-142.

      Halford, W. K., Markman, H. J., Kline, G. H., Stanley, S. M. (2003). Best practices in couple relationship education. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29(3), 385-406. 

  • Campus Address

    • Department of Psychology

      2155 S Race St

      Denver, CO 80208-3500

      (Frontier Hall 211)

      grhoades@du.edu

      303-871-4280

  • Related Web Sites

  • Book Chapters

    • Fincham, F. D., Stanley, S. M., & Rhoades, G. K. (2011). Relationship education in emerging adulthood: Problems and prospects. In F. D. Fincham & M. Cui (Eds.), Romantic relationships in emerging adulthood (pp. 293-316). New York: Cambridge University Press.

      Stanley, S. M., Rhoades, G. K., & Fincham, F. D. (2011). Understanding romantic relationships among emerging adults: The significant roles of cohabitation and ambiguity. In F. D. Fincham & M. Cui (Eds.), Romantic relationships in emerging adulthood (pp. 234-251). New York: Cambridge University Press.

      Ragan, E. P., Einhorn, L. A., Rhoades, G. K., Markman, H. J., & Stanley, S. M. (2009). Relationship education programs: Current trends and future  directions. In J. H. Bray & M. Stanton (Eds.), Handbook of family psychology (pp. 450 - 462). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

    • Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). Translating basic science research on premarital cohabitation into clinical practice. In K. Hahlweg, M. Grawe & D. H. Baucom (Eds.), Enhancing couples: The shape of couple therapy to come (pp. 157-168). Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

      Markman, H. J., Rhoades, G. K., Delaney, R., White, L., & Pacifici, C. (2009). Extending the reach of research-based couples interventions: The role of relationship education. In K. Hahlweg, M. Grawe & D. H. Baucom (Eds.), Enhancing couples: The shape of couple therapy to come (pp. 128-141). Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

      Rhoades, G. K., & Stanley, S. M. (2009). Relationship education for individuals: The benefits and challenges of intervening early. In H. Benson and S. Callan (Eds.), What works in relationship education: Lessons from academics and service deliverers in the United States and Europe (pp. 45 – 54). Doha, Qatar: Doha International Institute for Family Studies and Development.

      Stanley, S. M., & Rhoades, G. K. (2009). Marriages at risk: Relationship formation and opportunities for relationship education. In H. Benson and S. Callan (Eds.), What works in relationship education: Lessons from academics and service deliverers in the United States and Europe (pp. 21 - 44). Doha, Qatar: Doha International Institute for Family Studies and Development.

      Stanley, S. M., & Rhoades, G. K. (2009). Cohabitation. In H. T. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of human relationships (pp. 229-231). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    • McIntosh, D. N., Kline, G. H., Wadsworth, M. E., Ahlkvist, J. A., Burwell, R. A., Gudmundsen, G. R., Raviv, T., & Rea, J. G. (2006). Forgiving the perpetrators of the September 11th attacks: Associations with coping, distress, and religiousness.  In Forgiveness: A sampling of research results (pp. 16-17).  Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

      Kline, G. H., Pleasant, N., Whitton, S. W., & Markman, H. J. (2006). Understanding couple conflict. In A. Vangelisti & D. Perlman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of personal relationships (pp. 445-462). New York: Cambridge University Press. 

      Markman, H. J., Kline, G. H., Piper Simms, S., & Stanley, S. M. (2005). A sampling of theoretical, methodological, and policy issues in marriage education: implications for family psychology. In W. M. Pinsof & J. Lebow (Eds.), Family psychology: The art of science. (pp. 115-137). Oxford University Press. 

      Kline, G. H., Julien, D., Baucom, B., Hartman, S. G., Gilbert, K., Gonzalez, T., & Markman, H. J. (2004). The Interactional Dimensions Coding System: A global system for coupleinteractions. In P. Kerig & D. Baucom (Eds.), Couple observational coding systems (pp. 113-126). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 

      Markman, H. J., Stanley, S. M., & Kline, G. H. (2003). Why marriage education can work and how government can be involved: Illustrations from the PREP approach. In W. D. Allen & L . L. Eikenborg (Eds.), Vision 2003: Contemporary family issues. (pp. 16-26). Minneapolis: National Council on Family Relations.

      Halford, W. K., Markman, H. J., Stanley, S. M., & Kline, G. H. (2002). Relationship enhancement. In D. H. Sprenkle (Ed.), Effectiveness research in marriage and family therapy (pp. 191-222). Alexandria, VA: American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.
This portfolio last updated: Sep 18, 2014 9:02:55 AM